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In the Act of April 22, 1864 there was a provision for the minting of a bronze Two Cent Piece with a spacific weight of 96 grains. The two-cent piece had one claim to fame: it was the first coin with the motto "In God We Trust." It was minted from 1864 to 1872. The coin was designed by: James B. Longacre. The obverse shows a shield topped by a ribbon containing the motto. The reverse states simply: "United States of America" and the value within a wreath. It was made of bronze.
The three-cent piece was introduced to accommodate the lowering of the postal rates from five to three cents. Authorized by Congress on March 3, 1851. There are two types mof Three Cents Pieces, the first was minted between 1851-1853 and is made of .750 silver and .250 copper with a weight of .80 grams and the second type minted between 1854-1873 is made of .900 fine silver and .100 copper with a weight of .75 grams. The designer of this coin was James B. Longacre. The silver coin was the tiniest coin this nation has issued. Its face shows a six-pointed star. The reverse shows a crescent-shaped design with the roman numeral "III" in the center to denote the denomination. The silver content of this piece made it inviting to hoarders, who kept it for its bullion value.
Three Cent Nickle
The Three-Cent Nickel piece was introduced in 1865 to replace the silver three cent. These coins were minted in Phildelphia between 1865 to 1889 and were made of .750 copper and .250 nickel with a weight of 1.94 grams. The designer was James B. Longacre.
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